Resultados: 7

    WHO consolidated guidelines on tuberculosis. Module 1: prevention – tuberculosis preventive treatment

    About one fourth of the world’s population is estimated to be infected with the tuberculosis (TB) bacterium, and about 5–10% of those infected develop active TB disease in their lifetime. The risk for active TB disease after infection depends on several factors, the most important being the person’...

    Guidelines for the diagnosis, prevention and management of cryptococcal disease in HIV-infected adults, adolescents and children

    Cryptococcal disease is an opportunistic infection that occurs primarily among people with advanced HIV disease and is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in this group. By far the most common presentation of cryptococcal disease is cryptococcal meningitis, which accounts for an estimated 15% o...

    Recommendation on 36 months isoniazid preventive therapy to adults and adolescents living with HIV in resource-constrained and high TB and HIV-prevalence settings: 2015 update

    In 2011 WHO conditionally recommended the use of at least 36 months of isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) (as a proxy for lifelong or continuous treatment) for people living with HIV in high TB-prevalence and transmission settings. The evidence of the benefits and harms of 36-month IPT compared to 6-mont...

    Guidelines on post-exposure prophylaxis for HIV and the use of co-trimoxazole prophylaxis for HIV-related infections among adults, adolescents and children: recommendations for a public health approach: December 2014 supplement to the 2013 consolidated guidelines on the use of antiretroviral drugs for treating and preventing HIV infection

    In this second supplement (December 2014) to the 2013 consolidated guidelines on the use of antiretroviral drugs for treating and preventing HIV infection, recommendations from two guideline development processes are included: post-exposure prophylaxis for HIV; the use of co-trimoxazole prophylaxis for H...

    Guidelines on the treatment of skin and oral HIV-associated conditions in children and adults

    Skin and mucosal conditions are extremely common in all children and adults in particular in HIV-infected adults and children and are one of the commonest daily management problems faced by health care workers caring for patients with HIV infection. As the CD4 count declines below 200 cells/mm3, the prev...

    Rapid advice: diagnosis, prevention and management of cryptococcal disease in HIV-infected adults, adolescents and children

    Increasing access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) has transformed the prognosis of HIVinfected patients in resource-limited settings (RLS). However, treatment coverage remains relatively low, and HIV diagnosis occurs at a late stage. As a result, many patients continue to die of HIV-related opportunistic...

    Policy guidelines for collaborative TB and HIV services for injecting and other drug users: an integrated approach

    These guidelines aim to provide a strategic approach to reducing morbidity and mortality related to TB and HIV among at-risk drug users and their communities in a way that promotes holistic and person-centered services. They are intended for professionals dealing with the drug users who have the most pro...