Resultados: 81

    What is the current alcohol labelling practice in the WHO European Region and what are barriers and facilitators to development and implementation of alcohol labelling policy?

    The WHO European Region has the highest levels of alcohol consumption per capita in the world, yet alcohol labelling, a WHO-recommended practice that provides consumer information on the ingredients, nutritional values and harms of alcohol, is not mandatory. This report synthesizes evidence on alcohol la...

    Mental health, men and culture: how do sociocultural constructions of masculinities relate to men’s mental health help-seeking behaviour in the WHO European Region?

    Men are less likely than women to seek help for mental health issues and are much more likely to commit suicide. This scoping review examined recent evidence published in English and Russian on the role of socially constructed masculinity norms in men’s help-seeking behaviour for mental health issues. ...

    What is the evidence on policies, interventions and tools for establishing and/or strengthening national health research systems and their effectiveness?

    High-quality research is important for improving population health and well-being and for achieving the health-related Sustainable Development Goals. The challenges facing individuals, organizations and countries in securing research funding and building research capacity, and then using these resources ...

    EVIPNet Europe: situation analysis manual

    Purpose: The WHO’s Evidence-informed Policy Network (EVIPNet) has supported Member States in designing, implementing and institutionalizing efforts to support evidence-informed policy-making (EIP). This experience has shown the importance of systematically and comprehensively identifying important cont...

    What are the advantages and disadvantages of restructuring a health care system to be more focused on primary care services?

    Governments are searching for ways to improve the equity, efficiency, effectiveness, and responsiveness of their health systems. In recent years there has been an acceptance of the important role of primary health care in helping to achieve these aims. However, there have been no systematic reviews on pr...

    What are the equity, efficiency, cost containment and choice implications of private health-care funding in western Europe?

    Over the last 20 years the level of private spending on health care has risen in many western European countries, leading to concern about its impact. The main channels of private spending are private health insurance policies and cost-sharing schemes in public health systems....

    What are the most effective and cost-effective interventions in alcohol control?

    Europe plays a significant role in the production, trade and consumption of alcoholic beverages; it also carries a heavy social and economic burden of alcohol-related problems. Alcohol consumption is estimated to be responsible for about 10% of the total disease burden, increasing the risk of liver cirrh...

    Should mass screening for prostate cancer be introduced at the national level?

    Prostate cancer is a major cause of death among men, with over 56,000 deaths in the European Union in 1998. There are no obvious preventive strategies, therefore screening has been considered to reduce the number of deaths. Opportunistic screening is widely carried out but there are no known national pro...

    For which strategies of suicide prevention is there evidence of effectiveness?

    Suicide is a serious public health problem in the European Region, where rates vary from about 40 per million people (in Greece) to about 400 per million (in Hungary). Suicide rates among adolescents and young adults have also increased considerably over the last decades. Many widely-used suicide prevent...

    What is the effectiveness of home visiting or home-based support for older people?

    The vast majority of older people wish to remain living in their own homes. Furthermore, institutional care is costly. Consequently there are social and economic imperatives to prevent ill health and disability in older people and enable them to remain in their own homes as long as possible. Home visitin...