Resultados: 63

    Síntese de evidências para políticas de saúde: reduzindo as taxas de cirurgia cesariana no Brasil

    O problema: O Brasil é o segundo país com as taxas mais elevadas de cirurgia cesariana no mundo, muito além da recomendação de 10 a 15% da Organização Mundial da Saúde (WHO et al., 2015). O uso excessivo e desnecessário de tecnologias na atenção ao parto e nascimento tem contribuído para aume...

    Should mass screening for prostate cancer be introduced at the national level?

    Prostate cancer is a major cause of death among men, with over 56,000 deaths in the European Union in 1998. There are no obvious preventive strategies, therefore screening has been considered to reduce the number of deaths. Opportunistic screening is widely carried out but there are no known national pro...

    Investment for health and well-being: a review of the social return on investment from public health policies to support implementing the Sustainable Development Goals by building on Health 2020

    Governments across the WHO European Region need to take urgent action to address the growing public health, inequality, economic and environmental challenges in order to achieve sustainable development (meeting current needs without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs) ...

    Key policies for addressing the social determinants of health and health inequities

    Evidence indicates that actions within four main themes (early child development, fair employment and decent work, social protection, and the living environment) are likely to have the greatest impact on the social determinants of health and health inequities. A systematic search and analysis of recommen...

    Evidence on mechanisms and tools for use of health information for decision-making

    The World Health Assembly in 2005 urged Member States to establish or strengthen knowledge transfer mechanisms to support evidence-informed health policies and health care delivery. The European Health Information Initiative was set up to strengthen the use of evidence, information and research for polic...

    A resource for developing an evidence synthesis report for policy-making

    Evidence syntheses use multidisciplinary and intersectoral sources of evidence to support policy-making. The Health Evidence Network (HEN) has supported and strengthened the use of evidence in health policy-making in the WHO European Region since 2003. The HEN synthesis report series responds to public h...

    What national and subnational interventions and policies based on Mediterranean and Nordic diets are recommended or implemented in the WHO European Region, and is there evidence of effectiveness in reducing noncommunicable diseases?

    This review focuses on national and subnational Mediterranean diet (MD) and Nordic diet (ND) interventions and policies in the WHO European Region. In the context of increasing noncommunicable disease (NCD) burden and unhealthy diets, there is a need to continue identifying optimal, evidence-informed die...

    What quantitative and qualitative methods have been developed to measure community empowerment at a national level?

    Community empowerment has been frequently studied at subnational levels but it is less clear how to measure it at a national level. Mixed methods approaches would be advantageous, using quantitative data from databases plus qualitative information to derive a range of variables and indicators. This repor...

    Síntese de evidências qualitativas para informar políticas de saúde

    Sínteses de evidências qualitativas (SEQs) têm sido crescentemente utilizadas na área da saúde e novos métodos têm proliferado. O aumento da demanda por SEQs é impulsionado principalmente pelo reconhecimento de que evidências sobre efetividade não são suficientes para melhorar a saúde, sendo ...