Resultados: 21

    A review of evidence on equitable delivery, access and utilization of immunization services for migrants and refugees in the WHO European Region

    This review focuses on existing immunization policies and practices for migrants and refugees and provides an overview of barriers and facilitators for access to and utilization of immunization services. Evidence was obtained by a scoping review of academic and grey literature in English and a further 11...

    Reducing hospital beds: what are the lessons to be learned?

    For many people, the hospital has come to symbolize the modern health care system. Yet in many countries, the role of the acute hospital is changing, with an emphasis on outpatient diagnosis and treatment as well as alternatives to long-term hospital care, leading to reductions in numbers of hospital bed...

    Regulating entrepreneurial behaviour in Europe

    There has been a dramatic upsurge of entrepreneurialism in health care systems in Europe, spurred by interests in better efficiency and quality. The characteristics of entrepreneurial behaviour include seeking opportunity, promoting innovation, and genuine accountability. However, experience so far indic...

    Mental health I: key issues in the development of policy and practice across Europe

    Mental health problems account for approximately 20% of the total burden of ill health in Europe (WHO, 2004a). This estimate of burden is just the tip of the iceberg; what makes mental health almost unique is the broad impact it can have on all aspects of life, including physical health, family relations...

    Cross border health care in Europe

    This policy brief provides a review of current information and issues relating to cross-border health care in Europe. Following an overview of current patterns of patient mobility, the policy brief looks in turn at the legal framework for mobility, the financial implications, approaches to quality monito...

    Health technology assessment: An introduction to objectives, role of evidence, and structure in Europe

    Health systems have developed at different speeds, and with differing degrees of complexity throughout the twentieth century, reflecting the diverse political and social conditions in each country. Notwithstanding their diversity, all systems, however, share a common reason for their existence, namely th...

    Hospitals in a changing Europe

    Hospitals are a key component of the health care system and are central to the process of health system reform, but as institutions they have received remarkably little attention from policy-makers and researchers. They have long been regarded as “a black box”’ whose workings are impenetrable. But ...

    Evidence from systematic reviews to inform decision making regarding financing mechanisms that improve access to health services for poor people

    Without evidence-informed action, health-related Millennium Development Goals as well as those of individual nations are unlikely to be achieved. Health policies are influenced by a variety of factors – values and beliefs, stakeholder power, institutional constraints, and donor funding flows, among oth...

    Funding health care: options for Europe

    Health care systems face ever changing and often competing demands for resources. For a health care system to be sustainable it must be able to pay for investment in buildings and equipment, training and remuneration of personnel and for drugs and other consumables. How these financial resources are gene...

    Configuring the hospital in the 21st century

    In this policy brief, we will take a fresh look at the hospital, and examine the questions that policy-makers need to be asking about its role in the health care system. Although most health care takes places outside hospitals, for most people, they have come to symbolize the health care system. The capa...