Resultados: 11

    Examining the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of rehabilitation-care models for frail seniors

    The health of the aging population has been identified as a high priority for the province of Ontario and has become one of the province’s most pressing health and social policy issues.(4) Within this priority area, there is significant focus on the delivery of high-value services to seniors to maximiz...

    Examining the costs and cost-effectiveness of policies for reducing alcohol consumption

    Alcohol consumption is currently the world's third largest risk factor for disease, attributable for 5.1% of the global burden of disease, with clear links to conditions such as neuropsychiatric disorders, gastrointestinal diseases, cancer, intentional injuries, unintentional injuries, cardiovascular dis...

    What are the most effective and cost-effective interventions in alcohol control?

    Europe plays a significant role in the production, trade and consumption of alcoholic beverages; it also carries a heavy social and economic burden of alcohol-related problems. Alcohol consumption is estimated to be responsible for about 10% of the total disease burden, increasing the risk of liver cirrh...

    What is the effectiveness of home visiting or home-based support for older people?

    The vast majority of older people wish to remain living in their own homes. Furthermore, institutional care is costly. Consequently there are social and economic imperatives to prevent ill health and disability in older people and enable them to remain in their own homes as long as possible. Home visitin...

    What is the efficacy/effectiveness of antenatal care?

    Antenatal care, also known as prenatal care, is the complex of interventions that a pregnant woman receives from organized health care services. The number of different interventions in antenatal care is large. These interventions may be provided in approximately 12-16 antenatal care visits during a preg...

    What evidence is there for the prevention and screening of osteoporosis?

    Osteoporosis – an excessive decrease in bone mass – is more common in women than in men. It is a particularly common condition among elderly women in affluent countries. Osteoporosis is a risk factor for fractures, which occur most commonly at the wrist, spine and hip. Other important risk factors fo...

    What is the effectiveness of antenatal care? Supplement

    This is a Health Evidence Network (HEN) evidence report on antenatal care (ANC). This report is a supplement to the 2003 HEN report on the same subject (http://www.euro.who.int/Document/e82996.pdf). It is a review of the best available evidence in the scientific literature regarding ANC interventions. It...

    Policy summary 5: health policy responses to the financial crisis in Europe

    When confronted by an economic shock affecting the health sector, policymakers may decide to maintain, decrease or increase current levels of public expenditure on health. With each option they could also reallocate funds within the health system to enhance efficiency. A range of tools can be used to alt...

    Access to health: how to reduce child and maternal mortality?

    Systematic reviews show that access to community-based health services reduces neonatal mortality and still births, but t he effect on maternal mortality is harder to detect. However, the evidence so fr has come from small sample size studies, mainly conducted in Asia and with very little information fro...