Resultados: 64

    What is the evidence on existing policies and linked activities and their effectiveness for improving health literacy at national, regional and organizational levels in the WHO European Region?

    Health literacy is gaining increasing attention as a means of promoting health. This evidence synthesis describes health literacy policies in the WHO European Region: their distribution, organizational levels, antecedents, actors, activities and outcomes, along with the factors influencing their effectiv...

    What constitutes an effective and efficient package of services for the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and care of tuberculosis among refugees and migrants in the WHO European Region? Themed issues on migration and health, VIII

    The WHO European Region has faced high rates of external and internal migration in recent years, with concerns that this is contributing to the burden of tuberculosis (TB), multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) and TB/HIV coinfection in some countries. This report examines evidence of effective and efficient s...

    What are the roles of intercultural mediators in health care and what is the evidence on their contributions and effectiveness in improving accessibility and quality of care for refugees and migrants in the WHO European Region?

    Intercultural mediators are employed to resolve linguistic and cultural barriers in a variety of health-care contexts. This report examines the main roles performed by intercultural mediators in health care across the WHO European Region and analyses evidence on their effectiveness in improving accessibi...

    What strategies to address communication barriers for refugees and migrants in health care settings have been implemented and evaluated across the WHO European Region? Themed issues on migration and health, IX

    The provision of effective health care to linguistically and culturally diverse migrant populations has been identified as a crucial public health issue. This scoping review examines strategies that have been implemented and evaluated to address communication barriers experienced by refugees and migrants...

    Reducing hospital beds: what are the lessons to be learned?

    For many people, the hospital has come to symbolize the modern health care system. Yet in many countries, the role of the acute hospital is changing, with an emphasis on outpatient diagnosis and treatment as well as alternatives to long-term hospital care, leading to reductions in numbers of hospital bed...

    Regulating entrepreneurial behaviour in Europe

    There has been a dramatic upsurge of entrepreneurialism in health care systems in Europe, spurred by interests in better efficiency and quality. The characteristics of entrepreneurial behaviour include seeking opportunity, promoting innovation, and genuine accountability. However, experience so far indic...

    Mental health I: key issues in the development of policy and practice across Europe

    Mental health problems account for approximately 20% of the total burden of ill health in Europe (WHO, 2004a). This estimate of burden is just the tip of the iceberg; what makes mental health almost unique is the broad impact it can have on all aspects of life, including physical health, family relations...

    Cross border health care in Europe

    This policy brief provides a review of current information and issues relating to cross-border health care in Europe. Following an overview of current patterns of patient mobility, the policy brief looks in turn at the legal framework for mobility, the financial implications, approaches to quality monito...

    Health technology assessment: An introduction to objectives, role of evidence, and structure in Europe

    Health systems have developed at different speeds, and with differing degrees of complexity throughout the twentieth century, reflecting the diverse political and social conditions in each country. Notwithstanding their diversity, all systems, however, share a common reason for their existence, namely th...

    Hospitals in a changing Europe

    Hospitals are a key component of the health care system and are central to the process of health system reform, but as institutions they have received remarkably little attention from policy-makers and researchers. They have long been regarded as “a black box”’ whose workings are impenetrable. But ...