Resultados: 68

    Policy summary 4: health system performance comparison: an agenda for policy, information and research

    International health system performance comparisons have the potential to provide a rich source of evidence as well as policy influence.• Country comparisons that are not conducted with properly validated measures and unbiased policy interpretations may prompt adverse policy impacts and so caution is r...

    Policy summary 5: health policy responses to the financial crisis in Europe

    Economic shocks present policy-makers with three main challenges:o Health systems require predictable sources of revenue. Sudden interruptions to public revenue streams can make it difficult to maintain necessary levels of health care.o Cuts to public spending on health made in response to an economic sh...

    How can the impact of health technology assessments be enhanced?

    Policy issues• Health technology assessment (HTA) is an important tool for informing effective regulation of the diffusion and use of health technologies.• The key policy issues surrounding the use of HTA fall into three areas: (a) the bodies, decision-makers and other stakeholders involved, (b) the ...

    Policy brief 10: how can health systems respond to population ageing?

    All countries in Europe are experiencing an ageing of their populations, a trend that is projected to continue until at least the middle of the twenty-first century. This process is often regarded as a major cause of upward pressure on health care costs. However, analyses of health care expenditure show ...

    Policy summary 1: addressing financial sustainability in health systems

    This report (Report 1) is a policy summary which underpins the key theme of the conference – financial sustainability in health systems. The report touches on the myriad elements involved in discussions on financial sustainability, and emphasizes the need for a clarification of the key concepts as a pr...

    Almost Random: evaluating a large-scale randomized nutrition program in the presence of crossover

    Large-scale randomized interventions have the potential to uncover the causal effect of programs applying to a large population, thereby improving on the insights gained from currently dominant smaller randomized studies. However, the external validity gained through larger interventions typically implie...

    Conditional cash transfer programmes: a magic bullet to improve people's health and education?

    Conditional Cash Transfer (CCTs) programmes provide cash to poor households who meet certain health and education conditions such as regular school attendance and health check-ups for children at the clinic. This model of intervention is spreading rapidly throughout the developing world. Over 17 countrie...

    Safe drinking water. Who is willing to pay the price?

    Treating water can reduce the prevalence of diarrhoea by up to 70 percent. Although there are several inexpensive water treatment technologies available, statistics show that every 15 seconds a child dies due to waterborne diseases. Over 700 million people still lack access to safe drinking water. While ...

    Health insurance for the poor: myth or reality

    A growing evidence base suggests that health insurance in poor areas can improve people?s access to health care. But the poorest in these areas do not seem to benefit much. Health insurance programs, generally, have not helped in reaching out to the poorest or improving their health care use. And whether...

    Access to health: how to reduce child and maternal mortality?

    Systematic reviews show that access to community-based health services reduces neonatal mortality and still births, but t he effect on maternal mortality is harder to detect. However, the evidence so fr has come from small sample size studies, mainly conducted in Asia and with very little information fro...