Results: 40

    What are the advantages and limitations of different quality and safety tools for health care?

    The term “quality tools” is used in many different ways to refer to a method used by an individual, a team, an organization or a health system. It is most often used in a narrow sense in American texts to refer to a set of simple “continuous quality improvement” methods (CQI tools). More broadly,...

    Should patient decision aids (PtDAs) be introduced in the health care system?

    “Grey zone” treatments are those that rely upon the patient’s judgement of associated benefits versus harms. When clinicians judge patients are eligible for “grey zone” treatments, their acceptance should be consistent with informed patients’ values. The question is how can one obtain informe...

    What evidence is there about the effects of health care reforms on gender equity, particularly in health?

    In most countries the pressure for health care reform is aimed at improving the efficiency, equity and effectiveness of the health sector. Emerging evidence shows that health care reforms can affect men and women differently, as a consequence of their different positions as users and producers of health ...

    Health system performance assessment in the WHO European Region: which domains and indicators have been used by Member States for its measurement?

    Health systems performance assessment (HSPA) varies across the WHO European Region. This review summarizes HSPA domains and indicators used by Member States in their HSPA or health system-related reports. Thirty Member States published in the English language and from their latest documents, 1485 distinc...

    What are the roles of intercultural mediators in health care and what is the evidence on their contributions and effectiveness in improving accessibility and quality of care for refugees and migrants in the WHO European Region?

    Intercultural mediators are employed to resolve linguistic and cultural barriers in a variety of health-care contexts. This report examines the main roles performed by intercultural mediators in health care across the WHO European Region and analyses evidence on their effectiveness in improving accessibi...

    What strategies to address communication barriers for refugees and migrants in health care settings have been implemented and evaluated across the WHO European Region? Themed issues on migration and health, IX

    The provision of effective health care to linguistically and culturally diverse migrant populations has been identified as a crucial public health issue. This scoping review examines strategies that have been implemented and evaluated to address communication barriers experienced by refugees and migrants...

    The effectiveness of evidence summaries on health policymakers and health system managers use of evidence from systematic reviews: a systematic review

    Systematic reviews are important for decision makers. They offer many potential benefits but are often written in technical language, are too long, and do not contain contextual details which make them hard to use for decision-making. There are many organizations that develop and disseminate derivative p...

    Regulating entrepreneurial behaviour in Europe

    There has been a dramatic upsurge of entrepreneurialism in health care systems in Europe, spurred by interests in better efficiency and quality. The characteristics of entrepreneurial behaviour include seeking opportunity, promoting innovation, and genuine accountability. However, experience so far indic...

    Health technology assessment: An introduction to objectives, role of evidence, and structure in Europe

    Health systems have developed at different speeds, and with differing degrees of complexity throughout the twentieth century, reflecting the diverse political and social conditions in each country. Notwithstanding their diversity, all systems, however, share a common reason for their existence, namely th...

    Reducing hospital beds: what are the lessons to be learned?

    For many people, the hospital has come to symbolize the modern health care system. Yet in many countries, the role of the acute hospital is changing, with an emphasis on outpatient diagnosis and treatment as well as alternatives to long-term hospital care, leading to reductions in numbers of hospital bed...