Results: 24

    The effectiveness of evidence summaries on health policymakers and health system managers use of evidence from systematic reviews: a systematic review

    Systematic reviews are important for decision makers. They offer many potential benefits but are often written in technical language, are too long, and do not contain contextual details which make them hard to use for decision-making. There are many organizations that develop and disseminate derivative p...

    Regulating entrepreneurial behaviour in Europe

    There has been a dramatic upsurge of entrepreneurialism in health care systems in Europe, spurred by interests in better efficiency and quality. The characteristics of entrepreneurial behaviour include seeking opportunity, promoting innovation, and genuine accountability. However, experience so far indic...

    Health technology assessment: An introduction to objectives, role of evidence, and structure in Europe

    Health systems have developed at different speeds, and with differing degrees of complexity throughout the twentieth century, reflecting the diverse political and social conditions in each country. Notwithstanding their diversity, all systems, however, share a common reason for their existence, namely th...

    Reducing hospital beds: what are the lessons to be learned?

    For many people, the hospital has come to symbolize the modern health care system. Yet in many countries, the role of the acute hospital is changing, with an emphasis on outpatient diagnosis and treatment as well as alternatives to long-term hospital care, leading to reductions in numbers of hospital bed...

    Effective care for high-need patients: opportunities for improving outcomes, outcomes, value, and health

    Today, 1 percent of patients account for more than 20 percent of health care expenditures, and 5 percent account for nearly half of the nation’s spending on health care (Figure S-1) (Mitchell, 2016). Improving care management for this population while balancing quality and associated costs is at the fo...

    Assessing future health workforce needs

    The choice of a strategy to assess the future health workforce (HW) is value-based and depends on what health outcomes and service objectives policy-makers have set.Various models, approaches and toolkits have been proposed and tried over the years by international agencies, as well as by individual coun...

    Policy brief: How can the settings used to provide care to older people be balanced?

    The optimal balance between institutional, home-based and community care for older adults requires an effective mix of organizational, funding and delivery mechanisms for target populations. This spans health and social care, and the coordination of care must respect older people’s care preferences and...

    Policy brief: how can chronic disease management programmes operate across care settings and providers?

    Improved health care, lifestyle changes and changing demography mean that more people are living longer and often with chronic diseases that cannot currently be cured. Advances in health care that support longer life are to be celebrated, but health care systems cannot cope with the increasing incidence ...

    Issue brief: engaging health system decision-makers in supporting comprehensive chronic pain management in provincial and territorial healthcare systems in Canada

    The lack of health system decision-maker engagement in supporting comprehensive chronic pain management in provincial and territorial healthcare systems in Canada can be understood by considering four sets of interrelated issues: 1) lack of awareness of chronic pain; 2) lack of awareness of limitations i...

    Policy brief 12: how can gender equity be addressed through health systems?

    Gender differences in health and in how well health systems and health care services meet the needs of women and men are well known: in Europe, there are variations in terms of life expectancy, the risk of mortality and morbidity, health behaviours and in the use of health care services. There is also in...