Results: 14

    Examining the effects of value-based physician payment models

    Healthcare provider remuneration mechanisms are one of the key policy levers that decision-makers can harness to influence health-system performance.(1) In Canada, remunerating physicians is the second-largest source of public expenditures accounting for 21% of all health spending in the country.(2) With...

    Identifying effective and cost-effective population-level approaches to promote healthy eating

    There is a well-documented global trend toward increased consumption of energy-dense and high-fat foods, combined with increases in sedentary lifestyles.(1) These changes have contributed to a global epidemic of overweight and obesity, as well as significantly increased risks for many diseases, including...

    Determining the features of managed alcohol programs

    There are growing concerns globally of the health and social harms caused by alcohol.(1) The harmful use of alcohol resulted in approximately three million deaths worldwide in 2016 (5.3% of all deaths globally).(1) Increases in the global burden of disease attributable to alcohol highlight the importance...

    identifying tax benefits or incentives to reduce poverty among older adults

    Poverty reduction measures are an important approach to improving health and well-being.(2) A recent survey found that poverty among older adults was lower in 20 out of 35 OECD countries when compared to the population as a whole.(3) In Canada, while the prevalence of low income among older adults has de...

    Enhancing health system integration of nurse practitioners in Ontario

    Nurses have a long tradition of informally working in expanded roles in rural and remote communities in Canada (e.g., outpost nurses).(1; 2) The formalization of the nurse practitioner role in Canada began in the mid1960s as a response to four interrelated factors: 1) introduction of publicly funded heal...

    Identifying effective approaches to support parents and caregivers of children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder

    Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is used “to describe a broader spectrum of presentations and disabilities resulting from alcohol exposure in utero.”(1) FASD affects fetal and brain development and may result in limitations to any of an individual’s: memory; sensory integration; social commun...

    Identifying performance measures, indicators and targets to monitor and evaluate dementia strategies

    Dementia is a complex condition and refers to “progressive brain syndromes which affect memory, thinking, behavior and emotion.”(1) While the experience of dementia is different for each person, it eventually progresses to an individual not being able to care for themselves and requiring assistance w...

    Examining the impacts of educational interventions for families affected by opioid use

    Opioid addiction has emerged as a pressing publichealth challenge in recent years. From January 2016 to March 2018 more than 8,000 opioid-related deaths were recorded.(1) In 2018, the number of apparent opioidrelated deaths continues to rise, with more than 1,000 deaths in the first three months of the y...

    Fostering K-12 students' global competencies

    The environment in which children are growing up today is very different than that of previous generations. There has been tremendous innovation in how society operates, with the rapid expansion of technology, globalization of businesses, new careers and opportunities, and increasingly diverse communitie...

    Enhancing health promotion and disease prevention in networked primary care

    Health systems are moving away from traditional primary care (e.g., by increasingly shifting to group practice and interprofessional teams rather than solo practice primary-care providers), which is often siloed and results in barriers to timely access to care.(1) The Ministry of Health of British Columb...