2019 American College of Rheumatology/Arthritis Foundation Guideline for the Management of Osteoarthritis of the Hand, Hip, and Knee

    Arthritis rheumatol. (Malden. Online); 72 (2), 2020
    Año de publicación: 2020

    To develop an evidence- based guideline for the comprehensive management of osteoarthritis (OA) as a collabora-tion between the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) and the Arthritis Foundation, updating the 2012 ACR recommenda-tions for the management of hand, hip, and knee OA.Methods. We identied clinically relevant population, intervention, comparator, outcomes questions and critical outcomes in OA. A Literature Review Team performed a systematic literature review to summarize evidence supporting the benets and harms of available educational, behavioral, psychosocial, physical, mind- body, and pharmacologic therapies for OA. Grading of Recommen-dations Assessment, Development and Evaluation methodology was used to rate the quality of the evidence. A Voting Panel, includ-ing rheumatologists, an internist, physical and occupational therapists, and patients, achieved consensus on the recommendations.Results. Based on the available evidence, either strong or conditional recommendations were made for or against the ap-proaches evaluated. Strong recommendations were made for exercise, weight loss in patients with knee and/or hip OA who are overweight or obese, self- efcacy and self- management programs, tai chi, cane use, hand orthoses for rst carpometacarpal (CMC) joint OA, tibiofemoral bracing for tibiofemoral knee OA, topical nonsteroidal antiinammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for knee OA, oral NSAIDs, and intraarticular glucocorticoid injections for knee OA. Conditional recommendations were made for balance exer-cises, yoga, cognitive behavioral therapy, kinesiotaping for rst CMC OA, orthoses for hand joints other than the rst CMC joint, patellofemoral bracing for patellofemoral knee OA, acupuncture, thermal modalities, radiofrequency ablation for knee OA, topical NSAIDs, intraarticular steroid injections and chondroitin sulfate for hand OA, topical capsaicin for knee OA, acetaminophen, du-loxetine, and tramadol.Conclusion. This guideline provides direction for clinicians and patients making treatment decisions for the management of OA. Clinicians and patients should engage in shared decision- making that accounts for patients’ values, preferences, and comor-bidities. These recommendations should not be used to limit or deny access to therapies

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