Resultados: 13

    WHO guidelines for the use of thermal ablation for cervical pre-cancer lesions

    The objectives of these guidelines are: • to provide evidence-based guidance on the use of thermal ablation to treat cervical precancer; and • to support countries to update their national guidelines for the use of thermal ablation for cervical precancer. These guidelines were developed using the W...

    WHO guideline on country pharmaceutical pricing policies

    Medicines account for 20–60% of health spending in low- and middle-income countries, compared with 18% in countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Up to 90% of the population in developing countries purchase medicines through out-of-pocket payments, making medicines the ...

    Recommendation on 36 months isoniazid preventive therapy to adults and adolescents living with HIV in resource-constrained and high TB and HIV-prevalence settings: 2015 update

    In 2011 WHO conditionally recommended the use of at least 36 months of isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) (as a proxy for lifelong or continuous treatment) for people living with HIV in high TB-prevalence and transmission settings. The evidence of the benefits and harms of 36-month IPT compared to 6-mont...

    Prevention and treatment of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections for sex workers in low- and middle-income countries: recommendations for a public health approach

    The objective of this document is to provide technical recommendations on effective interventions for the prevention and treatment of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among sex workers and their clients. These include evidence-based recommendations following the GRADE methodology as w...

    Rapid advice: diagnosis, prevention and management of cryptococcal disease in HIV-infected adults, adolescents and children

    Increasing access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) has transformed the prognosis of HIVinfected patients in resource-limited settings (RLS). However, treatment coverage remains relatively low, and HIV diagnosis occurs at a late stage. As a result, many patients continue to die of HIV-related opportunistic...

    WHO guidelines on preventing early pregnancy and poor reproductive health outcomes among adolescents in developing countries

    About 16 million adolescent girls between 15 and 19 years of age give birth each year. Babies born to adolescent mothers account for roughly 11% of all births worldwide, with 95% occurring in developing countries. For some of these young women, pregnancy and childbirth are planned and wanted, but for ma...

    Use of Glycated Haemoglobin (HbA1c) in the Diagnosis of Diabetes Mellitus Abbreviated Report of a WHO Consultation

    This report is an addendum to the diagnostic criteria published in the 2006 WHO/IDF report “Definition and diagnosis of diabetes mellitus and intermediate hyperglycaemia” , and addresses the use of HbA1c in diagnosing diabetes mellitus. The WHO Consultation concluded that HbA1c can be used as a diag...

    Guidelines on optimal feeding of low birth-weight infants in low- and middle-income countries

    Low birth weight (LBW) has been defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as weight at birth less than 2500 g. The global prevalence of LBW is 15.5%, which means that about 20.6 million such infants are born each year, 96.5% of them in developing countries. There is significant variation in LBW rate...

    Communicable diseases and severe food shortage WHO Technical Note October 2010

    Malnutrition is the largest single underlying cause of death worldwide and is associated with over 1/3 of all childhood deaths. The objective of the document is to provide a summary of existing WHO information regarding the principles of identification and management of communicable diseases in malnouris...

    Antiretroviral therapy for HIV infection in adults and adolescents: recommendations for a public health approach 2010 rev

    WHO guidelines for ART for HIV infection in adults and adolescents were originally published in 2002, and were revised in 2003 and 2006. New evidence has emerged on when to initiate ART, optimal ART regimens, the management of HIV coinfection with tuberculosis and chronic viral hepatitis, and the managem...