Resultados: 34

    Guidance on couples HIV testing and counselling: including antiretroviral therapy for treatment and prevention in serodiscordant couples

    This WHO guidelines recommend offering HIV testing and counselling to couples, wherever HIV testing and counselling is available, including in antenatal clinics. For couples where only one partner is HIV positive, the guidelines recommend offering antiretroviral therapy to the HIV positive partner, regar...

    Guideline: Vitamin A supplementation in pregnancy for reducing the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV

    Over 1000 new cases of mother-to-child transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) occur worldwide every day, making this the main route of transmission of HIV infection in children. Vitamin A deficiency affects about 19 million pregnant women, mostly from the WHO regions of Africa and South-E...

    Guidelines:prevention and treatment of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections among men who have sex with men and transgender people: recommendations for a public health approach 2011

    Since the beginning of the epidemic in the early 1980s, men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender people have been disproportionately affected by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The risk for infection remains high among them; and there has been a resurgence of HIV infection among MSM, parti...

    Rapid advice: diagnosis, prevention and management of cryptococcal disease in HIV-infected adults, adolescents and children

    Increasing access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) has transformed the prognosis of HIVinfected patients in resource-limited settings (RLS). However, treatment coverage remains relatively low, and HIV diagnosis occurs at a late stage. As a result, many patients continue to die of HIV-related opportunistic...

    Antiretroviral drugs for treating pregnant women and preventing HIV infection in infants: recommendations for a public health approach 2010 version

    For the first time, the elimination of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (MTCT) is now considered a realistic public health goal and an important part of the campaign to achieve the millennium development goals. The 2010 revised PMTCT recommendations are based on two key approaches; lifelong ART for HI...

    Antiretroviral therapy for HIV infection in adults and adolescents: recommendations for a public health approach 2010 rev

    WHO guidelines for ART for HIV infection in adults and adolescents were originally published in 2002, and were revised in 2003 and 2006. New evidence has emerged on when to initiate ART, optimal ART regimens, the management of HIV coinfection with tuberculosis and chronic viral hepatitis, and the managem...

    Antiretroviral therapy of HIV infection in infants and children: towards universal access: recommendations for a public health approach 2010 revision

    HIV-infected infants frequently present with clinical symptoms in the first year of life. Without effective treatment, an estimated one third of infected infants will have died by one year of age, and about half will have died by two years of age. These treatment guidelines serve as a framework for selec...

    WHO recommendations on the diagnosis of HIV infection in infants and children

    This publication summarizes current knowledge on the methods of diagnosing HIV infection in infants and children and sets out recommendations for practice and policy. Recommendations are designed to improve clinical management of the HIV-exposed and ‑infected child, and improve programme efforts at ear...

    Guidance on testing and counselling for HIV in settings attended by people who inject drugs: improving access to treatment, care and prevention

    This document recommends a proactive approach to HIV testing and counselling by care providers in these settings. Offers basic operational guidance on HIV testing and counselling in settings attended by people who inject drugs (PWID)....

    Guidelines for using HIV testing technologies in surveillance: selection, evaluation and implementation: 2009 update

    These guidelines suggest methods for selecting, evaluating and implementing HIV testing technologies and strategies based on a country’s laboratory infrastructure and surveillance needs. The guidelines provide recommendations for specimen selection, collection, storage and testing, and for the selectio...