Resultados: 36

    Guidance on oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for serodiscordant couples, men and transgender women who have sex with men at high risk of HIV

    These recommendations have been developed specifically to address the daily use of antiretrovirals in HIV-uninfected people to block the acquisition of HIV infection. This prevention approach is known as pre-exposure prophylaxis. At this stage evidence is available from studies with two groups: men and t...

    Prevention and treatment of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections for sex workers in low- and middle-income countries: recommendations for a public health approach

    The objective of this document is to provide technical recommendations on effective interventions for the prevention and treatment of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among sex workers and their clients. These include evidence-based recommendations following the GRADE methodology as w...

    Guidelines:prevention and treatment of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections among men who have sex with men and transgender people: recommendations for a public health approach 2011

    Since the beginning of the epidemic in the early 1980s, men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender people have been disproportionately affected by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The risk for infection remains high among them; and there has been a resurgence of HIV infection among MSM, parti...

    Rapid advice: diagnosis, prevention and management of cryptococcal disease in HIV-infected adults, adolescents and children

    Increasing access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) has transformed the prognosis of HIVinfected patients in resource-limited settings (RLS). However, treatment coverage remains relatively low, and HIV diagnosis occurs at a late stage. As a result, many patients continue to die of HIV-related opportunistic...

    Guideline: Vitamin A supplementation in pregnancy for reducing the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV

    Over 1000 new cases of mother-to-child transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) occur worldwide every day, making this the main route of transmission of HIV infection in children. Vitamin A deficiency affects about 19 million pregnant women, mostly from the WHO regions of Africa and South-E...

    Antiretroviral drugs for treating pregnant women and preventing HIV infection in infants: recommendations for a public health approach 2010 version

    For the first time, the elimination of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (MTCT) is now considered a realistic public health goal and an important part of the campaign to achieve the millennium development goals. The 2010 revised PMTCT recommendations are based on two key approaches; lifelong ART for HI...

    Antiretroviral therapy for HIV infection in adults and adolescents: recommendations for a public health approach 2010 rev

    WHO guidelines for ART for HIV infection in adults and adolescents were originally published in 2002, and were revised in 2003 and 2006. New evidence has emerged on when to initiate ART, optimal ART regimens, the management of HIV coinfection with tuberculosis and chronic viral hepatitis, and the managem...

    Antiretroviral therapy of HIV infection in infants and children: towards universal access: recommendations for a public health approach 2010 revision

    HIV-infected infants frequently present with clinical symptoms in the first year of life. Without effective treatment, an estimated one third of infected infants will have died by one year of age, and about half will have died by two years of age. These treatment guidelines serve as a framework for selec...

    WHO recommendations on the diagnosis of HIV infection in infants and children

    This publication summarizes current knowledge on the methods of diagnosing HIV infection in infants and children and sets out recommendations for practice and policy. Recommendations are designed to improve clinical management of the HIV-exposed and ‑infected child, and improve programme efforts at ear...

    Clinical Guidelines for withdrawal management and treatment of drug dependence in closed settings

    These guidelines use a stepped care approach to treating drug dependence. This approach acknowledges that different people require different interventions around their drug use. These guidelines take a public health approach to drug use and dependence. This approach recognises that the health of one indi...