Resultados: 218

    Guidelines for using HIV testing technologies in surveillance: selection, evaluation and implementation: 2009 update

    These guidelines suggest methods for selecting, evaluating and implementing HIV testing technologies and strategies based on a country’s laboratory infrastructure and surveillance needs. The guidelines provide recommendations for specimen selection, collection, storage and testing, and for the selectio...

    HIV testing and counselling in prisons and other closed settings: technical paper

    As the HIV/AIDS epidemic imposes an ever-larger burden globally, surveillance for HIV becomes more critical in order to understand the trends of the epidemic and make sound decisions on how best to respond to it. These guidelines suggest methods for selecting, evaluating and implementing HIV testing tech...

    WHO Guidelines on Drawing Blood: Best Practices in Phlebotomy

    Phlebotomy the drawing of blood – has been practised for centuries and is still one of the most common invasive procedures in health care. Each step in the process of phlebotomy affects the quality of the specimen and is thus important for preventing laboratory error, patient injury and even death. Thi...

    WHO Guidelines for pharmacological management of pandemic influenza A(H1N1) 2009 and other influenza viruses: part II review of evidence

    This revised guidance is published in two parts. Part II documents the procedures followed in developing this guidance, together with a review of evidence and other new information on the pharmacological agents considered....

    Guideline: Protecting, Promoting and Supporting Breastfeeding in Facilities Providing Maternity and Newborn Services

    Breastfeeding is the cornerstone of child survival, nutrition and development and maternal health. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of life, followed by continued breastfeeding with appropriate complementary foods for up to 2 years or beyond. T...

    Acceptable Medical Reasons for Use of Breast-Milk Substitutes

    Exclusive breastfeeding in the first six months of life is particularly beneficial for mothers and infants. Positive effects of breastfeeding on the health of infants and mothers are observed in all settings. Breastfeeding reduces the risk of acute infections such as diarrhoea, pneumonia, ear infection, ...

    Managing meningitis epidemics in Africa A quick reference guide for health authorities and health-care workers

    Meningococcal meningitis is a bacterial form of meningitis, a serious infection of the meninges (brain membrane). It can cause severe brain damage and is fatal in 50% of cases if untreated. It provides a concise overview of the World Health Organization (WHO) strategy to detect and respond to meningitis ...

    Towards 100% voluntary blood donation: a global framework for action

    Blood transfusion is a core service within health care systems and individuals who donate their blood provide a unique contribution to the health and survival of others. Every country faces an ongoing challenge to collect sufficient blood from safe donors to meet national requirements. This framework for...

    WHO Guidelines for pharmacological management of pandemic Influenza A(H1N1) 2009 and other influenza viruses: part I recommendations

    The purpose of this document is to provide a basis for advice to clinicians on the use of the currently available antivirals for patients presenting with illness due to influenza virus infection, as well their use for chemoprophylaxis. This guidance updates and replaces the recommendations published in A...

    WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality: Selected Pollutants

    This document presents WHO guidelines for the protection of public health from health risks due to a number of chemicals commonly present in indoor air. The guidelines are based on a comprehensive review and evaluation of the accumulated scientific evidence by a multidisciplinary group of experts studyin...