Resultados: 17

    Guidelines:prevention and treatment of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections among men who have sex with men and transgender people: recommendations for a public health approach 2011

    Since the beginning of the epidemic in the early 1980s, men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender people have been disproportionately affected by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The risk for infection remains high among them; and there has been a resurgence of HIV infection among MSM, parti...

    Rapid advice: diagnosis, prevention and management of cryptococcal disease in HIV-infected adults, adolescents and children

    Increasing access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) has transformed the prognosis of HIVinfected patients in resource-limited settings (RLS). However, treatment coverage remains relatively low, and HIV diagnosis occurs at a late stage. As a result, many patients continue to die of HIV-related opportunistic...

    Guideline: Vitamin A supplementation in pregnancy for reducing the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV

    Over 1000 new cases of mother-to-child transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) occur worldwide every day, making this the main route of transmission of HIV infection in children. Vitamin A deficiency affects about 19 million pregnant women, mostly from the WHO regions of Africa and South-E...

    WHO guidelines on preventing early pregnancy and poor reproductive health outcomes among adolescents in developing countries

    About 16 million adolescent girls between 15 and 19 years of age give birth each year. Babies born to adolescent mothers account for roughly 11% of all births worldwide, with 95% occurring in developing countries. For some of these young women, pregnancy and childbirth are planned and wanted, but for ma...

    Guideline: vitamin A supplementation in postpartum women

    Approximately 1000 women die from pregnancy and childbirth complications worldwide every day. Vitamin A deficiency also affects about 19 million pregnant women, mostly from the World Health Organization (WHO) regions of Africa and South-East Asia. Vitamin A plays an important role in vision, growth and p...

    Use of Glycated Haemoglobin (HbA1c) in the Diagnosis of Diabetes Mellitus Abbreviated Report of a WHO Consultation

    This report is an addendum to the diagnostic criteria published in the 2006 WHO/IDF report “Definition and diagnosis of diabetes mellitus and intermediate hyperglycaemia” , and addresses the use of HbA1c in diagnosing diabetes mellitus. The WHO Consultation concluded that HbA1c can be used as a diag...

    Guideline: Vitamin A supplementation in infants 1–5 months of age

    Vitamin A deficiency affects about 19 million pregnant women and 190 million preschool-age children, mostly from the World Health Organization (WHO) regions of Africa and South-East Asia. Infants and children have increased vitamin A requirements to support rapid growth and to help them combat infections...

    Guideline: Vitamin A supplementation in infants and children 6–59 months of age

    Vitamin A deficiency affects about 19 million pregnant women and 190 million preschool-age children, mostly from the World Health Organization (WHO) regions of Africa and South-East Asia. Infants and children have increased vitamin A requirements to support rapid growth and to help them combat infections...

    WHO guidelines Use of cryotherapy for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia

    In 2008, cervical cancer was responsible for 275 000 deaths, of which about 88% occurred in low- and middle-income countries. Cervical cancer is the third most common cancer in women worldwide and the most common cancer in many low- and middle-income countries. Because it has a typically slow progression...

    World report on disability

    Disability is part of the human condition – almost everyone will be temporarily or permanently impaired at some point in life, and those who survive to old age will experience increasing difficulties in functioning. Disability is complex, and the interventions to overcome the disadvantages associated w...