Resultados: 28

Guidelines on post-exposure prophylaxis for HIV and the use of co-trimoxazole prophylaxis for HIV-related infections among adults, adolescents and children: recommendations for a public health approach: December 2014 supplement to the 2013 consolidated guidelines on the use of antiretroviral drugs for treating and preventing HIV infection

In this second supplement (December 2014) to the 2013 consolidated guidelines on the use of antiretroviral drugs for treating and preventing HIV infection, recommendations from two guideline development processes are included: post-exposure prophylaxis for HIV; the use of co-trimoxazole prophylaxis for H...

Comparative cost-effectiveness study among dierent renal replacement techniques

INTRODUCTION: The NRF is the organization fnancing in Uruguay the treatment of the three renal replacement techniques (RRT): kidney transplantation (TxR), peritoneal dialysis (PD) and hemodialysis (HD). No previous studies have been performed in Uruguay. OBJECTIVE: Assess and compare the magnitude of e...

Economic evaluation of oxytocin in uniject injection system versus standard use of oxytocin for the prevention of postpartum hemorrhage in the active management of the third stage of labor in Latin America and the Caribbean

BACKGROUND: Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is a leading cause of maternal death. Despite strong evidence showing the efficacy of oxytocin in preventing PPH, use of the drug for this purpose remains suboptimal. The Uniject injection system prefilled with oxytocin (OiU) has the potential advantage, due to its...

A cost-effectiveness analysis of a 10-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in children in six Latin American countries

BACKGROUND: A recently developed 10-valent pneumococcal non-typeable H influenzae protein D-conjugate vaccine (PHiD-CV) is expected to afford protection against more than two thirds of isolates causing IPD in children in Latin America, and also against acute otitis media caused by both Spn and NTHi. T...

The use of electroconvulsive therapy in Québec

INTRODUCTION: From the time it was introduced into psychia-try in 1938, electroshock treatment, also known as ECT (for electroconvulsive therapy), has been highly controversial. In fact, it has been so controversial that in the mid-1960s, its use decreased considerably in the Western world, under social ...

The excimer laser in ophthalmology: a state-of-knowledge update

INTRODUCTION: Since the publication, in May 1997, of the Con-seil d’évaluation des technologies de la santé du Québec’s previous report on the state of knowl-edge regarding excimer laser photorefractive keratectomy [60], the ophthalmologic applica-tions based on this means of intervention have con...

Summary: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation: Evaluation of the evidence and synthesis of organizational issues

CONTEXT: Aortic valvular stenosis, or narrowing of the valve orifice, is a progressive disease that generally affects patients over the age of 65 years in Western countries and is usually caused by degenerative calcification. Aortic stenosis causes increasing resistance against the ejection of blood fro...

The role of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in the management of autism: summary

CONTEXT: Autism is a neurological disorder characterized by early impairments in the overall development of cognitive, speech and relational functions. It is one of a family of pervasive developmental disorders (PDDs). The clinical picture of autistic disorder is highly variable, and its management requi...

Summary: use of class 3b and class 4 lasers and intense pulsed light sources for cosmetic procedures in non-medical settings

INTRODUCTION: Body image has always preoccupied people across time and cultures. Today, the search for beauty can be fulfilled with high-power technologies that are relatively easy to use, such as Class 3b and Class 4 lasers and intense pulsed light (IPL) sources. Lasers are devices that amplify light, e...